A strain is an injury of a muscle and/or tendon. Tendons are fibrous cords of tissue that attach muscles to bone. The injury occurs when muscle fibers tear as a result of being overstretched. A strain is often referred to as pulled muscle. Chronic strains are the result of overuse (prolonged, repetitive movement) of muscles and tendons. Inadequate rest breaks during intensive training precipitates a strain. Acute strains are caused by a direct blow to the body, overstretching, or excessive muscle contraction.

Sprain Strain

A sprain is an injury of a ligament which is often caused by trauma, more specifically when the joint has been taken beyond its functional range of motion. The severity of the injury can range from a minor injury that resolves in a few days to a major rupture of one or more ligaments requiring surgery and a period of immobilisation.

Common symptoms include pain, decreased range of motion (stiffness), swelling and/or bruising, or weakness. Because muscle and ligamentous tissue is affected with these injuries, strengthening is essential to have a complete recovery, return to sport/activity and to prevent possible recurrence of pain or injury.

Common treatment options:


Bellefleur Physiotherapy offers patients in Ottawa exceptional care with a personalized treatment plan to suit your specific needs. If you are suffering from pain or have recently experienced an injury, our Ottawa Physiotherapists will ensure you get back to the activities you enjoy and love. Call us at (613) 424-7852 for an appointment today or email us at info@bellefleurphysio.com to book a consultation.

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