A strain is an injury of a muscle and/or tendon. Tendons are fibrous cords of tissue that attach muscles to bone. The injury occurs when muscle fibers tear as a result of being overstretched. A strain is often referred to as pulled muscle. Chronic strains are the result of overuse (prolonged, repetitive movement) of muscles and tendons. Inadequate rest breaks during intensive training precipitates a strain. Acute strains are caused by a direct blow to the body, overstretching, or excessive muscle contraction.
A sprain is an injury of a ligament which is often caused by trauma, more specifically when the joint has been taken beyond its functional range of motion. The severity of the injury can range from a minor injury that resolves in a few days to a major rupture of one or more ligaments requiring surgery and a period of immobilisation.
Common symptoms include pain, decreased range of motion (stiffness), swelling and/or bruising, or weakness. Because muscle and ligamentous tissue is affected with these injuries, strengthening is essential to have a complete recovery, return to sport/activity and to prevent possible recurrence of pain or injury.
Common treatment options:
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