Growing Pains in the Knees – What is Osgood-Schlatter Disease?
What is OSD?
Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a condition most commonly found in children and adolescents, often during puberty, which is characterized by a painful bump just below one or both knees. This condition frequently occurs in children who are active and participate in sports with regular running, jumping, or fast turns such as soccer, basketball and dance, among many others. Pain and discomfort is usually felt while doing the activities mentioned above. However, for some, the pain can be constant and quite debilitating in a child’s everyday life.
What causes OSD?
During activities of running, jumping, and sudden changes in direction, your child’s thigh muscles (known as the quadriceps muscles) are pulling very strongly on the tendon through which they attach to the lower leg – just below the kneecap on what is commonly referred to as the shin bone. Over time and with repetition, this accumulated stress can cause this tendon to pull away slightly from the bone, resulting in pain, swelling, and sometimes the accumulation of new bone tissue that forms the bump mentioned above.
Can physiotherapy help?
Physiotherapy can help reduce the pain and discomfort felt by your child through activity modification, gentle mobilizations of the knee joint, stretching and relaxation of the quadriceps muscles, and proper strengthening of the muscles to reduce any excessive strain on the quadriceps tendon.
If you believe your child has the signs or symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD), you may wish to consult with your doctor or schedule an assessment with one of our physiotherapists who will assess the condition and provide you with effective, hands-on treatment as well as a personalized treatment plan.
Appropriate physiotherapy treatment for OSD can help decrease pain and discomfort, as well as reduce the recovery period necessary for your child to get back to the activities they enjoy the most without fear creating further damage.
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